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The laws of the game of the Association German Football Players from 1890/1892

The Association of German Football Players was founded in Berlin on November 4th 1890 and dissolved as early as 1892. It was founded by football clubs in Berlin and was to become a nationwide association – but it did not come to that (that’s why it was called „German“).

The reason for the dissolution was the differences of opinion that became apparent at the founding event as to whether foreign functionaries and clubs with foreign, i.e. mainly English players, would be accepted or not. And whether football should adapt the German (nationalistic) mentality. Since the chairman of the national conservative BFC Germania became chairman of the association in 1888, the national-driven alignment was inevitable.

However, this request could neither be realized by the association nor by regional associations formed later, so that the association’s territory remained limited to the area of Berlin.

In 1891, the international-driven clubs organised themselves into the German Football and Cricket Federation with Spiel und Sport as the club newspaper. This separation was ultimately the reason for the dissolution of the Association of German Football Players.

The laws

I

In the length 120 yards, in the width 60 yards excl. 7 yards width of the goal (the cross bar 8 feet from the ground, horizontal). This is the size for 20-30 players. With more players the field must be larger and vice versa.

II

The field markings, the choice of the side, etc. happens like the laws with picking up the ball (means: rugby football).

III

The game is opened by a kick to the opponent’s goal line; no player of either club may pass the centre of his own side before the ball has been kicked.

IV

A change of sides takes place after the break, or when a goal is obtained. After the break, the club that did not kick-off at the beginning, will perform the kick-off. After a goal was obtained, the losing club has the kick-off. (See Rule III.)

V

A goal is obtained when the ball is driven between the two goalposts and under the crossbar.

VI

The ball may neither be carried nor thrown by the players (except the goalkeeper). If the ball bounces off the goal or the flags into the field, the same ball is in play, if it flies or rolls over the touch or goal lines, it is out of play.

VII

If the ball is thrown into the touch by one club, the opposing club shall bring the ball back into play at the place where it crossed the touch line. The ball is brought back into play by throwing it over the head with both hands at right angles. The player who throws the ball out of the touch must not kick it again until it has been touched by another player.

VIII

A player is out of play at the time if he is closer to the opposing goal line than his own club; he may not kick the ball until it has been touched by another player and may not in any way prevent the opponent from reaching the ball unless at least three players of the opposing party stand between him and their mall line.

IX

A corner kick is when a player pushes or drives the ball behind his own goal line, and the same player is pushed one step away from the nearest corner flag by a player of the opposing club.

If the ball is kicked behind the goal line by a player of the opposing club, the ball must be kicked off a goal post by a player of whose goal line the ball was kicked.

X

In a corner kick or goal kick or if the ball is kicked by an opponent, no one is off the field or out of play.

XI

The ball in the game can and will be kicked not by hands or arms, but with head, chest and feet. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to carry or otherwise handle the ball, but only 10 steps. No second player may represent the goalkeeper temporarily when he leaves his goal. The goalkeeper may not be changed during play. He must be tagged.

XII

In the event of an illegal play, the non guilty party shall have a free kick. In a free kick, the kicking player may not play again until the ball has been touched by another player.

XIII

A free kick takes place at the point where it was forfeited. A kick-off (center of the field at the start of the game) or a corner kick may not go directly into the goal.

XIV

Under no circumstances is it permitted to trip, jump on an opponent or deliberately charge, nor may one use hands or fists to hold or push.
No player may run at an opponent’s back unless such opponent has his face turned towards his own goal line and the same is deliberately obstructive to him.

XV

In case of disputes the judgement of the referee [literally: game warden] is absolutely valid.

XVI

In the case of a temporary stoppage in the game, when the ball has not crossed the touch or goal lines, the game is restarted by the 1st keeper toss or kick-off the ball at the point where the game was interrupted. No player may kick the ball before it has touched the ground.
Before the restart of the game, no player may kick or kick the ball without the permission of the 1st keeper.

 

Terms of play

Kick-off

The kick is at the beginning of the game (middle of the field) from the ground.

Place kick

A place kick is a kick after the ball when it lies on the ground. (Can be done in any direction.)

Hand kick

You let the ball fall out of your hands and kick it before it touches the ground. (Only the goalkeeper is allowed to.)

Free kick

A free kick is a kick after the ball lying on the ground in any direction. Opponents must stay 6 yards away from the ball, except when standing on their goal line. The ball is in play when it has completely turned around his own axis.

 

For comparison

For comparison see the Laws of the Game of 1890, 1891 and 1892.

 

Source and quoted from: NN: From old documents. In: German referee newspaper. Official organ for the referees in the football department of the DRL 20 (No. 2, 16.01.1937). p. 18.

 

Kategorie: und Drumherum.

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Petra Tabarelli, studierte Historikerin, leitet ein Stadtarchiv und schaut Fußball seit ihrem dritten Lebensjahr. Neben der Landesgeschichte ist die Fußballgeschichte ein großes Interessengebiet. Ihr Schwerpunkt ist Entstehung der Fußballregeln und des Schiedsrichterwesens in England und Deutschland.

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