Year (Source) new or changed laws (proposing club, if known)
1891 (IFAB) If a player trip an opponent, holds him or commits a handling ball within 12 yd in front of his own goal the referee shall hand out a penalty kick to the opponent which is a direct free kick. The penalty kick is performed by a free selectable point 12 yd in front of the goal. All other players must be 6 yd away from the ball except for the player who is performing the penalty. This means that the goalkeeper did not have to remain on the goal line until the penalty kick was taken, but was allowed to approach the ball up to 6 yd. The player must not touch the ball twice and must not interrupt the run-up. The playing time is extended to take the penalty shot.

For some player, the introduction of the penalty gave rise to offended honour: A gentleman would never commit a foul and should it happen unintentionally, he would immediately punish himself. A punishment imposed from above is therefore not necessary. 1)Birley, Derek: Land of sport and glory: sport and British society, 1887-1910 (= International studies in the history of sport). Manchester/New York 1995. p. 36..

1896 (IFAB) The ball must be kicked towards the opponent’s goal.
1901 (IFAB) The penalty is performed from the point 12 yd in front of the middle of the goal. Also, the goal area (12 yd in front of the goal) and the penalty area (18 x 44 yd in front of the goal) are introduced and marked on the field.
1902 (IFAB) The goalkeeper was the only one allowed to move on the goal line until the penalty was taken.
between 1906 and 1929 (IFAB) The goalkeeper was the only one allowed to move on or behind the goal line until the penalty was taken.
1929 (DFB) The goalkeeper was the only one allowed to move on the goal line until the penalty was taken.
1929 (FA) The goalkeeper was not allowed to move at all until the penalty shot was taken.
1930 (IFAB) Note: The word „stand“ means that the goalkeeper may not move his feet until the penalty kick (FIFA).
1937 (IFAB) The goalkeeper must stand on the goal line between the goalposts (FA).
1966 (IFAB) All players except the goalkeeper and the kicker must remain outside the penalty area and the 10 yd radius around the penalty kick point (SFA).
1966 (IFAB) If the ball is stopped by an outside agent, the penalty kick is repeated (SFA, IFAB)
1969 (IFAB) If a team-mate enters the penalty area or the area within the 10 yd around the penalty point too early and a goal is scored, that player shall be penalised (previously: remained unpunished) (SFA).
1969 (IFAB) Offside position is possible at penalty kick (SFA).
1978 (IFAB) If a free kick is awarded to a team in its own goal area, the free kick may be taken from any point within the goal area (FA).
1986 (IFAB) The kicker must be properly identified (FIFA).
between 1997 and 2002 (IFAB) The goalkeeper must be on the line when the penalty kick is taken, but may now move again during it (FIFA).
2015 (IFAB) The feinting in the penalty kick remains forbidden, but further feints feints like a faltering start stop-and-go run-up are allowed.

 

Proposals for law amendments that were not accepted:

year club/association proposal reaction
1890 Introduction of the penalty kick. withdrawn
1930 FIFA Goalkeepers must be on his own goal line. rejected
1984 Handling of feinting in the penalty kick. withdrawn

 

Fußnoten   [ + ]

1. Birley, Derek: Land of sport and glory: sport and British society, 1887-1910 (= International studies in the history of sport). Manchester/New York 1995. p. 36.