In this article the development of the determining the outcome of a match is described.
A goal is obtained when the ball crosses the goal line between the goal posts and – after their introduction – below the crossbar or rope. All football codes have that in common, whereby some codes from the first decades of the 19th century also allow the throwing of a goal. In fact, this description is not to be found in all rules and regulations, as it was all too unambiguous.
|Year (Source)||new or changed laws (proposing club, if known)|
|1863 (FA)||A goal is scored when the ball crosses the goal line between the goalposts from the field.|
|1866 (FA)||A goal is scored when the ball crosses the goal line between the goalposts and below the goal rope (as a height limit).|
|1867 (Sheffield FA)||A goal is scored when the ball crosses the goal line between the goalposts and below the goal band (as a height limit).|
|1872 (FA)||Touching the goalposts is not a goal (Wanderers FC). It is important if the ball jumps from there behind the goal line or not.|
|1875 (FA)||Touching the rope or the crossbar as well as the corner flags is not a goal (Queen’s Park). It is important if the ball jumps from there behind the goal line or not.|
|1938 (IFAB)||The team scoring the greater number of goals during a game shall be the winner; if no goals, or an equal number of goals are scored the game shall be termed a ‚draw‘. If an outside agent wants to prevent a goal, but he failed and the ball enters the goal, the goal must be allowed.|
|1939 (IFAB)||Addition that the ball may not be carried into the goal (FA).|
|1969 (IFAB)||Intervention by an outside agent: Addition: In this case the game is restarted by a dropped ball at the place where the contact or interference occurred (SFA).|
|1970 (IFAB)||Introduction of the Kicks from penalty mark, but not as a part of Law 10.|
|1985 (IFAB)||Intervention by an outside agent: It is added that – when play was stopped and the ball was in the goal area – it is dropped on that part of the goal area line which runs parallel to the goal-line, at the point nearest to where the ball was when play (IFA).|
|1997 (IFAB)||Supplement that, depending on the competition rules, the extra time follows a draw after 90 minutes.|
Away goals and extra time are no new possibilities to determine a winner, but they are now part of the LoG.
|2012 (IFAB)||GLT is permitted to assist the referee in deciding whether a goal has been scored (FIFA).|
|2016 (IFAB)||Introduction of the Kicks from penalty mark in the Laws of the Game (previously included in the Appendix). It is added that if a referee signals a goal before the ball has passed wholly over the goal, a goal kick is awarded.|
|2019 (IFAB)||Kicks from penalty mark: It is added that each kick is taken by a different player, and all eligible players must take a kick before any player can take a second kick.|
|2023 (IFAB)||Renaming of Kicks from the Penalty Mark (KFPM) to penalty shoot-out.
In addition to the away goals rule and extra time, penalty shoot-out is also allowed to determine the winning team – or a combination of these three procedures.
Cards received by players and match officials during the regular playing time and extra time are not carried forward into the penalty shoot-out.