Note: Until the FA Rules, there is no distinction between (early forms of the) goal kick and corner kick. The same laws always apply for the restart of the game as soon as the ball is behind the goal – outside the goalposts. The differentiation between goal kick and corner kick nowadays was introduced 1867/1872.

 

Year (Source) new or changed laws (proposing club, if known)
1857 (Eton Field Game) After the ball is behind the goal, the game will be restarted with a bully opposite the point where the ball had gone out.
1858 (Sheffield FC) Goal kick from a point 25 yd behind the goal.
1858 (Harrow Football) When the ball is behind the goal it must be kicked directly on the field. There, it must be first touched be the attacking team before the defending team is allowed to touch it.
1862 (Blackheath FC) When the ball is behind the goal the game restart with a place kick from the goal line by the team that owned the goal.
1862 (The Simplest Game) When the ball is behind the goal the game restart with a place kick from the goal line by the team that owned the goal.
1863 (Shrewsbury School) When the ball is behind the goal the game restart with a place kick by the opposing team (place not specified), either as an unhindered kick or as a „hoist“ (nowadays: a volley).
1863 (Cambridge University) When the ball is behind the goal the game restart with a place kick 25 yd behind the goal. Which team perform the kick is not mentioned.
1863 (FA) When the ball is behind the goal, it is crucial which team touched it first. If it was behind his own goal, there was a kick from the goalpost, at the point where the ball crosses the goal line. Here it is also noted that an offside position is not possible at the kick and it is an indirect free kick.
1867 (Sheffield FA) In the Sheffield FA Rules there’s nothing about goal kick.
1867 (FA) When a player kicks the ball behind the opposite goal, the goal owning team get’s a goal kick from that goalpost which was nearer to the point, where the ball went behind the goal.
1892 (IFAB) Added: Goal kick at that point where the ball crosses the goal line. All players must stay 6 yd away from the ball until it is in play (Wanderers FC).
1901 (IFAB) Goal area und penalty area are introduced. Goal kick is from any point in the penalty area, but is not in play until it has left this area. Otherwise, the kick must be repeated. Also, the opposing team must leave the penalty area until the kick has been taken.
1936 (IFAB) The goal kick must no longer be taken from the goal area, but can be taken from the penalty area (SFA).
zwischen 1967 und 1977 (DFB) From a goal kick a goal can be scored directly.

 

Proposals for law amendments that were not accepted:

year club/association proposal reaction
1987 FA The ball must rest when the match is restarted. rejected