Table of Contents

Hi! I’m Petra Tabarelli, a football historian with a lot of passion for and expertise on the history of football rules. Sounds boring? Then take a chance to talk to me about it. So far I have been able to catch everyone with my enthusiasm.

I am a woman who can explain the meaning and purpose of the rules of football to you. The Laws of the Game are the basic essence of the modern game of football and act and react to changes in the game and in society. Therefore, they are a pivotal point for the general development of football. To have knowledge of the evolution of the rules is to have knowledge of the entire game of football. I am the only person in the world who has researched the development so well.

Since 2017, I have been publishing articles on the history of football rules, but also on female referees in men’s football and on women in football in general. Most of it is published directly on Nachspielzeiten – for the most part also in English.

Some is published in the DFB-Schiedsrichter-Zeitung or as part of the FRÜF column at WebDE, but therefore only in German. For the sake of completeness, they are also linked here, but with a sign (🇩🇪).

Would you like to work with me, for example for an interview or a guest article? Or my consulting expertise? Feel free to get in touch via 📩 email or via 🔗 LinkedIn (real name) or 🟦 BlueSky (ClioMZ) .

Law 1: The Field of Play

Law 2: The Ball

Laws 3 & 4: The Players and the Player’s Equipment

♥️🤝 Support me?

If you would like to honour my effort and passion, then I am happy and thankful for every donation via or Ko-Fi. Thank you!

Laws 5 & 6:  The Referee and Other Match Officials

Law 7: The Duration of the Match

Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play

Law 9: The Ball In and Out of a Match

Law 10: Determining the Outcome of a Match

Law 11: Offside

Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct

Law 13: Free Kicks

Law 14: The Penalty Kick

Law 15: The Throw-in (and Kick-in)

Law 16: The Goal Kick

Law 17: The Corner Kick

Football Rules which no longer exists

  • Rouge (Nachspielzeiten)

Football Regulation in General

Laws of the Game

Older Football Rules and Regulations


Comparison of Football Rules and Regulations

Football Rules-spanning

Female referees in men’s football

Football History in General

English Football History

German Football History, until 1920

German Football History, 1920-1954

German Football History, since 1954

Current stories